it would be better to post different ID requests in separate threads!
The first vase is Skrdlovice, 1950s. No idea who designed it, there are so many similar patterns.
The second vase is surely Czech as well, but IMHO not Skrdlovice. I have seen the same vase here on a fleamarket, in yellow.
Maybe it is Lednicke Rovne; or Mstisov.